Exploring Connections – Clean Water and Healthy Communities

Carol A. Hand

Autumn is always a busy time with gardens to harvest and a college course on research that needs to be updated. My colleague and I always try to consider what students will need to know for their work with people in the future. This year, we decided to focus on weaving our courses on research and community practice together even more tightly to help reduce confusion and workloads for our students. The shared focus we chose was exploring the connections between access to clean water and healthy communities.

Of course that means I have an opportunity to learn more about research on another topic that is relatively new to me. Fortunately, working collaboratively, my colleague and I discovered a number of important resources that we plan to share with students. Because this topic is so crucial for all of us, I’m sharing some of those resources here, too.

Lake Superior (Hawk Ridge Bird Observatory) – Autumn 2017

Following is an overview of what we have drafted thus far for our classes.


The focus of our work this semester will be on the connections between access to safe water and community health. Water is essential for life on our planet, yet many of us have grown up in communities where we learned to take it for granted. This is not the case for many people around the world. As climate changes accelerate and water supplies become endangered by pollution from many sources, issues affecting water quality are beginning to affect all of us. The question we need to consider as social workers (and members of communities) is what can we do to assure access to clean water before it is too late.

It is estimated that 80 percent of the world’s population lives within sixty miles of the coastline of an ocean, lake or river. (Wallace, 2014, p. 9)

Coastline communities are profoundly affected by the cleanliness and quality of the nearby water. Proximity to water doesn’t mean that access to clean water is a simple matter, even in countries that are classified as “economically and/or technologically developed,” like the United States. Outdated plumbing and pollution from natural or anthropogenic (human-caused) disasters have threatened water supplies. Communities that are economically or technologically disadvantaged face a host of other challenges.

Picture a day without clean water: You wake up to dirty clothes and bedding, as laundry is limited. You don’t take a shower, you can’t wash your face, and there is no coffee. As a woman in some places, you must take your daughter on a six-kilometer trek to fetch water for the day’s cooking, drinking, and caring of ill family members. To go to the bathroom, you wander deep into the fields, which is not only an inconvenience—it’s a safety risk. Besides snakes, spiders and aggressive animals, there are also ill-intentioned men. Sexual harassment and rape are not uncommon. (WWF, n.d., para. 1)

Wallace’s (2014) research points out that there are deeper connections between human communities and water beyond the physical necessity of water to sustain life.

There’s something about water that draws and fascinates us. No wonder: it’s the most omnipresent substance on Earth and, along with air, the primary ingredient for supporting life as we know it… Water covers more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface [96 percent of it saline]; 95 percent of those waters have yet to be explored. From one million miles away our planet resembles a small blue marble; from one hundred million miles it’s a tiny, pale, blue dot. ‘How inappropriate to call this planet Earth when it is quite clearly Ocean,’ author Arthur C. Clark once astutely commented. (pp. 8-9)

Our innate relationship to water goes far deeper than economics, food, or proximity, however… [W]e spend our first nine months of life immersed in the ‘watery’ environment of our mother’s womb. When we’re born, our bodies are approximately 78 percent water. As we age, that number drops to below 60 percent – but the brain continues to be made of 80 percent water. (p. 10)

Lake Superior (Palisade Head) – Summer 2017

Without access to clean, safe water, life itself is at risk. Research and community practice provide us with a valuable opportunity to learn from the experiences of people in our local region, in our nation, and around the world. Communities both near and far have had to deal with disasters that left them without access to safe, life-sustaining water: hurricanes, droughts, forest fires, wars, toxic chemical spills, or faulty water and sanitation systems. From a social work perspective, access is important for the people we will serve at both the micro and macro levels of practice. This semester, in both research and practice with community systems, we will identify ways to explore issues affecting access to clean water and related consequences, as well as the effectiveness of organized community-awareness initiatives and innovative solutions among communities and community systems.


One of the most powerful videos I have watched about the connection between clean water and community health is the story of what happened to the Pima and Tohono O’odham peoples in southern Arizona when the river that once flowed through their homeland was diverted to provide water for white settlements and cities. After decades of fighting to restore the tribe’s water rights, Attorney Rod Lewis negotiated a settlement with the state of Arizona that guaranteed the return of water and funding to build the necessary infrastructure. The following video clip, from Unnatural Causes – Bad Sugar, tells the story of one of the tribe’s recovery initiatives:


In case anyone is interested in finding out how safe drinking water is in the U.S., the following article includes an interactive map with county-level data that lists reported violations: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/02/millions-americans-drink-potentially-unsafe-tap-water-how-does-your-county-stack .

“Thousands have lived without love, not one without water” (W. H. Auden, 1957, First Things First)

Works Cited:

Nichols, Wallace J. (2014). Blue mind: The surprising science that shows how being near, in, on, or under water can make you happier, healthier, more connected, and better at what you do. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company.

WWF (n.d.). Stories – Clean water for healthy communities. Available from https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/clean-water-for-healthy-communities.

48 thoughts on “Exploring Connections – Clean Water and Healthy Communities

  1. This is fantastic. You are preparing a generation with a framework for seeing their role in their communities in broader terms than they would have imagined when they walked into your classroom.

    Liked by 4 people

    1. Thank you so much for your thoughtful comments, Diane. It’s always challenging to refocus without any idea about how students will respond. Yet somehow, the majority meet the challenge with a willingness to work hard, and some, with incredibly creativity. I’m grateful for the chance to learn new things with them and I’m sure you find the same joy and gratitude in your work.


  2. I really love that you and your colleague are introducing such an important global topic. The relevance of clean water for health in our very own country is becoming a greater issue for all of us. I wish you well, and I know that your students will be better for the experience.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you so much for your thoughtful, encouraging comments, Carrie. New topics are always a challenge, but they also provide an incredibly valuable opportunity to actually “do” research to see what works and what doesn’t. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  3. I have posted several articles on America’s poisoned public water system. And I just ran across this the other day:


    It’s been two or three years now, since Detroit’s lead water crisis hit the news, and yet, nothing has been done. I’m afraid looking to government to fix this issue will not be of any help. They no longer care if our water, air, earth and food are poisoned. Now we are all in the same boat as Native Americans and the disenfranchised peoples of the world.

    Excellent information, Carol! Thanks for taking the time to share this!

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Thank you for your important comments, Dave, and your ongoing efforts to raise awareness. I appreciate the link – a truly alarming development in Detroit and a powerful example of completely unacceptable public responses.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. “Important comments”? Not me, Carol, I’m just an old musikian!;-)

        And in comparison to ‘third world nations’, Detroit”s water is wonderful.

        Humanity is in trouble, Carol! If we don’t take a stand soon, I don’t know what is going to happen?

        Liked by 1 person

  4. Hey Carol, thanks for sharing the clip of the Gila crossing school program and the restorative work happening there. An amazing and exceptional generation coming up! I have read ‘A blue mind’ and it made me think more about my own connection to water, and how I can be a responsible steward of the river I live by. We certainly do take water for granted.

    Liked by 3 people

    1. Thank you so much for your wonderful comments, Mei. I’m so glad to hear you liked the video clip and the book! I’m maybe a third to the way through “Blue Mind,” but so far it’s been a thought-provoking read. Sending you my best wishes for a beautiful spring. (I loved the colorful flower photos in your most recent post). ❤

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Three things that make life on earth possible: clean air, clean water, arable land. Take anyone of these away or threaten their existence and earth become a haunt for ghosts as far as humanity is concerned. Other lifeforms would survive, probably thrive, but few mammals or birds. What threatens these basics? Greed and total lack of responsible behaviour from most of the Earthian species. Is there a counter to this inexorable destruction of our living environment? Let that be a rhetorical question.

    Liked by 2 people

  6. Such an important topic that many are guilty of taking for granted, Carol. I went to our water treatment plant this year to learn about where my towns water comes from and how it is delivered to us. Wow…what an interesting tour!
    Happy Labor Day…hard to believe it is September already!

    Liked by 3 people

    1. Thank you for your delightful comments, Lorrie. What a great idea to visit the town water department! This is certainly something we can suggest to students. I wish our public schools would do the same so children would have a chance to see how important water is for life. Sending my best wishes. ❤


      1. That’s a great idea…I bet it could be set up. Our town is quite awesome as they run a bunch of tours of various public works, park systems, eco tours, etc. every year. I always try to do at least one.
        Have a great week 🌞

        Liked by 1 person

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